Nizwa & the Forts

Honoured as the capital of Oman during the 6th and 7th Centuries, Nizwa is one of the oldest cities of the Sultanate and being the trade capital it is commonly known as the ‘Pearl of Islam’.

Why visit Nizwa & the Forts ?

  • Explore the vast circular tower, prisons and storerooms of Nizwa fort
  • Get roped up and take the Via Ferrata down the dramatic mountain cliff face
  • Watch the locals barter for sheep and goats at the Friday animal market
  • Go hiking in the Jebel Akhdar mountains and enjoy the sensational views
  • Soak up the smell of spices and herbs as you wander around the souq

Nizwa Fort, which was completed in the 1650s, is among Oman’s largest and oldest forts as well as one of the most visited national monuments. This historical edifice is hailed as a stunning example of ingenuity of Omani architecture and it is also a powerful reminder of the town’s invincibility through turbulent periods in Oman’s history.

It took 12 years to build this magnificent military bastion and its sole purpose was to prevent marauders from looting Nizwa’s abundant natural wealth, as well as to protect its strategic location on the crossroads of vital caravan routes. The fort is characterised by its height, solid fortification and unique location in the middle of Nizwa town.

Also not to be missed is Nizwa souq with its distinct Omani character, selling a wonderful array of silver jewellery, antiques, leather goods and household utensils.

Jabrin Fort, another famous landmark in the Al Dakhliya region, is considered one of the finest and most picturesque structures of its kind. It was built in the 17th Century, not as a fort but as a palace for the imams (Muslim clerics or prayer leaders). The design was later modified and the palace became a fort. It has been restored and thus one gets a good sense of what it looked like in its prime. Most of the ceilings are decorated with beautiful paintings with Islamic motifs and various household items and furnishings are on display throughout the fort.

The  central section of the Hajar Mountains which run through Oman is Jebel Akhdar or ‘Green Mountains’, the highest mountain range in Oman. The considerable altitude gives the area pleasant temperatures throughout the year with rain falling in the summer. The moisture and lower temperatures mean that the area is relatively green and blossom decorates the hillsides during springtime, which is how the mountains acquired their name. The gardens and terraces support garlic, maize, pomegranates, peaches, almonds and grapes and the views from the Saiq Plateau on Jebel Akhdar are spectacular. With its many sheer rock faces, trekking trails, wadis and cave systems, it is the perfect destination for outdoor enthusiasts.




A Visa is required for UK passport holders.

Health Requirements

No mandatory vaccinations are required.

Time Difference

GMT + 4 Hours

Flight Time

7.5 hours Direct


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